Material Flow Analysis
We may have entered the information age, but we certainly have not left the material age. Quite the opposite. Since the Earth Summit in 1992 in Rio De Janeiro encouraged us to “rethink economic development“ we have doubled global gross domestic product (GDP), doubled global annual crude steel production, and tripled annual output of plastics, cement, and aluminum. Current industrial production and consumption patterns depend on ever growing amounts of materials and fuels, which in turn rely on the environment as source of natural resources and sink of our wastes and emissions. Many, if not most, environmental impacts are caused by the flows of materials and energy through the economy, which makes it vital to study them. Material flow analysis (MFA) is a simple, but powerful tool to do just that. We conduct MFAs for sectors and materials of high interest and also work on continuously advancing MFA methods and theory.
Palazzo J, Geyer R (2019) Consequential Life Cycle Assessment of Automotive Material Substitution: Replacing Steel with Aluminum in North American Vehicle Production, Environmental Impact Assessment Research, 75(2019), 47-58.
Geyer R, Kuczenski B, Trujillo M (2016) Assessing the Greenhouse Gas Savings Potential of Extended Producer Responsibility for Mattresses and Boxsprings in the U.S., Journal of Industrial Ecology, 20(4), 917-928.
Davis J, Geyer R, Ley J, He J, Jackson T, Clift R, Kwan A, Sansom M (2007) Time-dependent material flow analysis of iron & steel in the UK – Part 2: Scrap generation & recycling, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 51(1), 118-140.
Geyer R, Davis J, Ley J, He J, Jackson T, Clift R, Kwan A, Sansom M (2007) Time-dependent material flow analysis of iron & steel in the UK – Part 1: Production & consumption trends 1970-2000, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 51(1), 101-117.